Fungus and mildew: These words cause most of the gardens to suffer. But in the world of soil fungus, good boys are more than bad boys. Autumn is the time for large-scale work, mulch and leaf fertilizer, and a good time to talk about the benefits of soil fungus. Healthy soil is more than a deposit of mineral particles of the right size and shape. And the fertility of the soil is much higher than the proper pH or NPK balance.
A world of biology is running in the fertile soil. Some of these organisms are fungi. And many of these fungi are helpful, even necessary, plants. The beneficial fungi create structure in the soil, turns nutrients around, and work with other best soil critters and against some bad ones. It’s inspiring for something you’ve never seen these beautiful red mushrooms indicate the presence of certain beneficial fungi. Leaf litter is a good source of fungal food.
Mushrooms are a small part of the fungus that inhabits your soil. The fungus existed before the mushroom was formed, and was present whenever the mushroom moved. The original “body” of many soil fungi is made up of hair follicles that you may have never seen. You might think of the fungus as an organism that has “all the roots, sometimes the flowers (mushrooms) and no leaves.” The microscopic root-like part of many fungi is called “hyphae”.
You may have seen fungal hyphae when they become so thick that they form lovely white ingredients on woody grass or brown leafy trees. Some caterpillars eat dead leaves and wood, others eat living things such as nematodes (another is invisible but often a disturbance to soil life). Cuckoos live close to the roots of green plants. , Helps both partners grow.
Healthy clay fungi do great work in your garden
Soil beneficial fungi have a lot of important roles in your garden. Those that break down organic matter are the “heavy lifters” in the compost heap and soil.
Fungi work hard to chew hardwood fibers and break down loose protein-based insect shells. When a fungus grows, its hyphae reach and get nutrients from organic matter. Nutrients are transferred to the soil because they are transported in large quantities throughout the fungus. The digestive process of the fungus produces a sticky substance that holds the soil together in “crumbs” instead of mud. Some fungi grow close to the roots of plants.
These mycorrhizal fungi are important to help many plants absorb nutrients. Some fungi actually trap and destroy nematodes. And individual soil fungi die, while others are growing on. The death of any part of the soil fungus means the release of nutrients into its cells within the root zone of the plant. And dead fungal hyphae leave small channels in the soil. These places form small holes to shelter the bacteria or small tunnels that allow air and water to flow into the soil.
Soil fungus is great! How can we grow more?
Already Fungus is living in your garden. with minor help, beneficial fungi will grow, even though you still can’t see it. Healthy perennials, trees and shrubs, and bad-tempered, rich, woody-scented soil will all testify to the presence of good soil fungi. Use hand tools to bend the soil and mix fungal food sources into it. Compost and mulch are available on the surface for the beneficial fungi below.
The fungus will reach the surface and digest this organic matter, bringing these nutrients to the root zone. However, no one plants in the forest, and its leaf-covered layer supports a large variety of trees and a large variety of shrubs and plants.
Feeding it with mulch and fertilizer – the fungus eats hard organic matter. Organic mulches need to be used in the garden. Anything that comes from a tree can cause fungus to grow. It’s good. Make your soil with compost made from pine straw, wet wood or bark, fallen leaves from trees, or plenty of these things.
Minimize Or stop the use of chemical fungicides. There is someone intelligent here: Using chemical fungicides anywhere in your garden can damage clay fungi. Use them carefully or try alternatives.
Use cover crops and crop rotation – Bare soil means there are no plant roots, Grass and fruit cover crops work harder than nitrogen. They supply a winter haven for many soil fungi. Come in the spring, the soil is a living group of fun fungi and a lot of organic matter to keep the pink color (white?) And in vegetable gardens. There are trees. Crop rotation moves these plants year after year. Good soil coke is kept happy in the vegetable garden.